As for Europe, a brief chronological account of its significant events begins during prehistoric times with the emergence of Homo sapiens early manroughly 40, years ago.
Early inhabitants during the Paleolithic Age, in an effort to survive, grouped together into small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and hunting for wild animals.
The practice of cultivating the soil, producing crops and raising livestock began in the Neolithic Age some 9, years ago; stone tools were used and people began to live in small groups, or villages. As man continued to journey east-to-west across Eurasia a combination of Asia and Europeknowledge of tools and new methods of organization arrived; civilizations flourished as metal axes and arrowheads improved survival.
Classical Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Northern Europe. In short, the Greek culture provided the foundation of modern Western culture. Of the great civilizations to develop in Europe, the previously mentioned Roman Empire certainly had the most lasting influence.
During its often tumultuous year period of innovation, it changed the continent and had a profound and lasting influence on the development of modern architecture, language, law and religion. In Western Europe, a wide series of tribes and tribal alliances moved into positions of power in the remnants of the former Roman Empire; small kingdoms were established, and the geography of Western Europe was about to change.
The Kingdom of the Franks was a southeastern European territory inhabited and ruled by the Franks. They would evolve into the Kingdom of France, and parts of it would morph into the Holy Roman Empire, a forerunner to the Germany we know today. Anglo-Saxons soon crossed what is now the English Channel to southern Britain and established a series of kingdoms in what would eventually develop into the Kingdom of England by AD ; years later the Kingdoms of Poland and Hungary would also take shape.
Large Map of Europe
With little interest in land acquisition, the Scandinavian Norse Vikings aggressively explored Europe for trade and riches. The Normans a Viking people gave their name to Normandy, a region in northern France. Initially emerging in the first half of the 10th century, they had a significant impact on many parts of Europe, from the Norman conquest of England to southern Italy and Sicily.
By the end of the 15th century, great powers emerged in Europe, with England, France, The Netherlands, Portugal and Spain playing predominant roles in global affairs from the 15th century onward, especially after the beginning of colonialism. The European colonial period, the s to the mids, was the era when the European powers mentioned above established colonies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European nations, at various times, controlled the Americas north and southmost of Africa, Oceania and large portions of Asia.
As people craved freedom across the globe, the European colonial era began to fall apart. Specifically the British Empire, the first genuinely global empire, began to lose its powers in Africa, India and much of the Middle East, and they soon crumbled away. The enormous costs of both wars greatly contributed to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs, and some Eastern European countries have not yet fully recovered.
After the Berlin Wall came down on November 9,and after the fall of the Soviet Union inEurope certainly changed for the better. Today, it's safe to say that Europe is a major economical and political center of power. As for its people, they are an innovative, optimistic and resilient group who changed our world for the better more than once, and surely they will do it again.
For additional geography details please use the yellow navigation bar at the top of this page. Note that some stats shown below are found in European Russia, even though that landmass is geographically considered a part of Russia, an Asian country.
The Russian landmass west of the Ural Mountains is commonly referred to as European Russia in most educational atlases, and by the vast majority of geography experts. It is not a separate country, but rather called that because of its longterm political, cultural and geographical blending with the bordering European countries. For reference purposes it is shown above, however, the entire country as a whole is still considered part of the continent of Asia.
European Russia comprising roughly 3, sq. Its Eastern border is defined by the Ural Mountains and in the South it is defined by the border with Kazakhstan. Europe is the planet's 6th largest continent AND includes 47 countries and assorted dependencies, islands and territories.With the year about to end we decided that it was time to add an updated version of our map of Europe. Physically, not a lot has changed from the beginning to the end of We have a new World Map The 10 smallest countries of Europe article has had an update but nothing has really changed.
Experts are saying that this could precipitate a break up of the UK in the near future. The biggest changes in the year are likely to be in demographics. Brexit will cause all sorts of ramifications for British people who have purchased houses, land and businesses in the rest of Europe. Many of these people will be forced to head back home to the United Kingdom.
It is hard to see how brexit is going to be good for economy of the UK and for that matter the economy of the EU in general. Taxes and tariffs will be applied to most goods being sold into the EU from the Uk making them more expensive and making it harder for those goods and services to compete. Love from the team at mapofeurope. The map of Europe above has all the countries marked with borders and all major bodies of water such as the North Sea.
Capital cities are marked for all countries and some other major cities have been marked also. We have the 10 smallest countries of Europe marked to the largest country in Europe.
This is the latest map of Europe with countries and it shows the United Kingdom as part of Europe as Brexit has only caused it to leave the European Union in and not Europe itself. Well it is that time of the year again. It is time to start thinking about what the Europe Map is going to look like in Last year in we speculated as to what the Europe Map would look like in We speculated about the UK leaving the EU or more importantly what that separation would look like.
Well here we are in and we are still speculating.
While people might think it is early to be publishing a map of Europe, here at Europe map we try to be ahead of the curve. This is possibly the best and most easily read political map of Europe. We have already added a map of the world for Have a look for yourself.
Above we have a simple World Map with continents and Regions in different colors. Last year in we speculated as to Read more. Eurail Map We have updated this map for the year Here we have an updated map of all the intercontinental railway lines of Europe. Map of the World Above we have a new world map for Not much has changed since It is actually a vast peninsula of the great Eurasian land mass. The huge Alpine mountain chain, of which the Pyrenees, the Alps, the Carpathians, the Balkans, and the Caucasus are the principal links, traverses the continent from west to east.
The highest points are Mt. Between the mountainous Scandinavian peninsula in the north and the Alpine chain in the south lie the Central European Uplands surrounded by the great European plain, stretching from the Atlantic coast of France to the Urals.
A large part of this plain which is interrupted by minor mountain groups and hills has fertile agricultural soil; in the east and north there are vast steppe, forest, lake, and tundra regions. South of the Alpine chain extend the Iberian, Italian, and Balkan peninsulas, which are largely mountainous.
Click on a country for a more detailed map, or try our map index. Channel Islands: Jersey and Guernsey U. Faeroe Islands Den. Gibraltar U. Isle of Man U. Jan Mayen Nor. Svalbard Nor. State Profiles U. Cities U. Geography U. Map Index.We have already added a map of the world for Have a look for yourself.
Above we have a simple World Map with continents and Regions in different colors. Europe Political Map With the year about to end we decided that it was time to add an updated version of our map of Europe.
Physically, not a lot has changed from the beginning to the end of The Crimea is technically still part of Ukraine but it controlled by Russia and Read more. Well it is that time of the year again. It is time to start thinking about what the Europe Map is going to look like in Last year in we speculated as to what the Europe Map would look like in Eurail Map We have updated this map for the year Here we have an updated map of all the intercontinental railway lines of Europe.
Map of the World Above we have a new world map for Not much has changed since Brexit is destined to happen now that Boris Johnson won a thumping majority in the UK parliament. However that does not affect the borders marked on this map at all. The United States Department of Read more. Above we have a massive map of Europe. The size of the map is pixels by To get the full view you need to click on the image and then click on the X Read more. Road Map of Europe So here we have a map of all the major highways in Europe.
There are no highway names as the map would not probably fit onto the website. It is just here to give you an idea of what countries are connected by the main road network. If you click on Read more. There are new cases popping up everyday and more people are dying as a result.
Even countries like Australia that should have been considered relatively safe due to being in the summer season are getting more cases daily. The travel industry has gone into melt Read more. What are the 10 smallest countries in Europe? In this list has not changed. This is a list of the ten 10 smallest countries within Europe.
What constitutes a country can be Read more. Hungary map We have added a new Hungary map for as the old one was starting to show some wear and tear.Start planning your Eurail adventure here. You can see the average train travel times between all the big European cities in 33 countries on the train map below. The map below shows the bigger cities in Europe, to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them.
It's an interactive map, so start clicking around and planning your trip! Click on the train icons to see the cities of each country and click on the routes the lines in between 2 train icons to see travel times. The green lines represent trains, the blue lines are ferries.
With a Eurail Pass you can travel in all countries on the Europe rail map above, now including Great Britain. Please note that most high-speed trains and all night trains need an advance reservation. These are not included in your Eurail Pass.
Check out the travel times between Europe's most popular cities. If you'd like to know more about a specific route, just visit our Popular Routes section. Feel free to also play around with the Europe travel map above to see where else you could go with your Eurail Pass! The Eurail railway map is a great resource for planning the perfect itinerary. Follow one or more of our itineraries or use parts of them to create your own.
Planning your trip is half the fun and with these itineraries you get to see the very best of Europe! Be the first to know about our latest deals and receive a free travel magazine.
European Railway Map Your Eurail travel map. Disclaimer: Please note that routes may change throughout the year. Railway map with travel times. Train routes through 33 countries The map below shows the bigger cities in Europe, to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them.
Download the map. Don't know where to start? Use our Tripplanner to find the best Eurail Pass for you! More about reservations.
Travel times for 10 most popular routes. European itineraries. Get inspired by our itineraries. Choose the right pass.
Map of Europe
Not sure which Eurail Pass meets your travel desires? Not to worry! Find your Pass. Your order. Total order amount. Remove Pass es.Several possible answers.
Please specify a location. Route planner Maps Map of Europe. Add to favourites. Renting a car, an attractive proposition for the holidays Renting a car Renting a car can be financially advantageous. Check out our car rental service and all its many benefits:. Compare flights with Skyscanner Book your flight ticket Find the right flight ticket at the best price with Skyscanner. Keep in contact Subscribe to the ViaMichelin newsletter To make sure you don't miss the latest news, our good deals and essential traffic updates.
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Keep in contact Don't miss out on news and tips for your travels. Subscribe to the ViaMichelin newsletter. Thank you!The Rulers of Europe: Every Year
To complete your registration, click on the link in the email that we have just sent you. See you soon! Michelin Travel Partner will process your email address in order to manage your subscription to the ViaMichelin newsletter. You may unsubscribe at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link included in the newsletter. Find out more about managing your data and your rights.Europe in Year Europe in Year 1. The Aegean Area. The Apennine Peninsula. The Iberian Peninsula.
Between Oder and Dnieper. Between Pyrenees and Rhine. Between Rhine and Oder. Euratlas Periodis Web shows the history of Europe through a sequence of 21 historical maps, every map depicting the political situation at the end of each century. Here, on the left, are 21 mini-maps giving access to 21 full maps and to 84 quarters of maps with more detailed views of the states, provinces and main cities.
Moreover, each map offers a historical gazetteer. Thus you can highlight in red each sovereign state and in green each dependent entity. See the Map Legend for more details. Navigation through the atlas is easy: on the left side of the pages, you simply need to choose a century for temporal navigation.
French and German versions of this historical atlas are also provided and you can view them by clicking on the small flags at the top of the pages. You may use the Euratlas images and maps, as they are available on the websites euratlas. Nussli, www euratlas.
No commercial use is allowed. Become a member and get access to larger maps by subscribing to Euratlas-Info. About Privacy Site Map Contact. Euratlas Shop Member's Area. Year A. Year 1 A. We did not try to show the crucial historical moments but to outline the evolution of the European cultural area. Thus we have drawn with a regular frequency the countries of Europe over the centuries.
History by Periods History is a continuous string of events among which prominent facts sometimes emerge: wars, conquests, revolutions etc.
We can evaluate the influence of these important movements in the course of time, by comparing them to the normal periods, to the "control years" in some way. The Periodis historical Atlas, describes the political status of the European continent at fixed intervals.
It therefore represents a list of reference points and permits an appreciation of the real range of important items on the continuation of political changes.
Stress is put on the precise drawing of territories at one exact instant defined by an arbitrary periodicity, that is the first day of each centennial year.
The notions taken into account are legal, literary or linguistic. We noted in English the names of the states as they are known, and we distinguished the sovereign states, the semi-independent entities, the 1st - when existent - and 2nd level administrative divisions. When information was insufficient, usual names of groups or federations of populations only are indicated. The place-names are usually mentioned in local language but, sometimes, alternative forms are used too, in order to allow easier research.
Names Names of entities mentioned in the Periodis Historical Atlas are those officially used at the considered time. When the latter are not known or when sources are contradictory, we have applied the names mentionned by sources close to the depicted region and to the century of the map. In cases where such information isn't available, a short circumlocution names such an entity.
For nomad populations, we have used the names by which those peoples were commonly described in the 20th century.